United Nations Ocean Conference

Topic A: Sustainable Development of Seaweed Industries

Topic B: Ocean Farming: Opportunities and Challenges

Working Language: English

Delegation: Single Delegate (50 delegates in total)

Rules of Procedure: Beijing Rules of Procedure (Motion-oriented)

Introduction to Committee and Topics:

To facilitate the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water and leverage ocean science to develop marine resources for human benefit, the United Nations Ocean Conference (UN Ocean Conference) is mobilizing innovative solutions all along.

Recently, the seaweed industry has been regarded as an emerging research and development field. Seaweed’s high edible value may assist in addressing starvation; meanwhile, the plant itself plays an indispensable position in biological medicine engineering and chemistry. Most prominently, on a par with rainforests, seaweed carries a remarkable capacity for bidirectional carbon capture, significantly reducing methane emission and carbon dioxide, carving new ways to tackle climate change and marine pollution. The seaweed industry is promising in both coastal and landlocked states for its easy culture. However, obstacles, including lack of permission for underwater plantation, deficiency in global standards and technology, have hindered the full realization of its diverse potentials.

The resultant economic benefits carried by seaweed show the urgent need to fulfill its true potential by further expanding seaweed aquaculture and developing ocean farming. A mature ocean farming system may alleviate poverty, combat food insecurity and cope with climate change. However, it is still in an initial stage where environmental, technological and infrastructural challenges exist. It is high time that countries engaged in establishing a framework of the seaweed industry and further promoting ocean farming to utilize marine resources and protect our mother earth sustainably.