United Nations Security Council

Topic: Discussion on the Extension of the Multinational Security Support(MSS)Mission in Haiti 
Working Language: English
Delegation: Double Delegation (55 delegates)
Rules of Procedure: Beijing Rules of Procedure (Paper-oriented)
Introduction to Committee and Topic:

Haiti has a long history of intertwined problems, among which security serves as the foundation for others and entails strenuous efforts to resolve. Over the past 30 years, the United Nations Security Council(UNSC)has fulfilled its charter duty of defending world peace and security by deploying operations numerous operations to the field, including but not limited to UNMIH, UNSMIH, UNTMIH, UNTMIH, MIPONUH, MINUSTAH, and MINUJUSTH. All operations have achieved certain objectives but were proved insufficient for the final resolution of the problem.

Meanwhile, the ever-deteriorating situation in Haiti in recent years has stirred yet another round of turmoil in the region. The political stalemate persists, gang violence develops, the truth behind the assassination of the former President is left unknown, and humanitarian crises, such as food shortages and cholera epidemics, continue to fester. The situation of the Haitian people is heartbreaking.

The UNSC, therefore, has been focusing on establishing a Multinational Security Support mission in Haiti and has adopted resolution 2699 on 2 October 2023 on that proposal with a nine-month time frame for further reviews and a one-year mandate. This will be a milestone in Haiti’s history and the history of United Nations peacekeeping operations. However, as the principles involved in this innovative mechanism have not been fully recognized in practice, it is uncertain that such an operation would be as legitimate and effective as it was initially planned. But there is no doubt that the Multinational Security Support (MSS) mission, as a new initiative in United Nations peacekeeping operations, will have a significant impact on the rules of conduct of the United Nations peacekeeping operations in the coming years and even decades.