Topic A: Arctic Biodiversity Conservation
Topic B: Sustainable Development of Forest Resources
Working Language: English
Representation: Single Delegate
Rules of Procedure: Beijing Rules of Procedure (Paper-oriented)
Introduction to the Committee and the Topic:
The United Nations Environment Programme has been making relentless commitment to accelerate the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals through collaborating with UN systems. Ever since its foundation, it has acquired remarkable achievements in tackling the challenges and obstacles of preserving endangered species and natural habitats. Moreover, it has also organized high-level multi-stakeholder forums and regional partnership dialogues for promoting discussions on various issues.
As the temperature elevates in the northernmost region of the earth, ice floe and glacier, regarded as the home to many rare species, have drastically retreated within the Arctic. Worse still, the extreme weather condition adds minuses to the preservation of animals and their reliable environment. Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing activities are the culprit of damaged ecological equilibrium. Having fully comprehended that conserving biodiversity is imperative for long-term sustainable development, environmentalists are calling on the conduction of in-depth systematical research for the endangered. To avoid the daunting prospect of dying-out creatures, much emphasis should be placed on how to benefit Arctic biological diversity through advanced technologies.
Except for Arctic biodiversity conservation, the severity of deforestation should deserve a close attention from the spotlight. Renowned as the lung of the earth, forest resources are more than “valuable” not only in terms of number, but also regarding their function. They are capable of alleviating carbon emission, sustaining livelihoods with water resources and regulate the rainfall pattern. Nonetheless, inappropriate human behaviors and climate change pose potential threats to the sustainability of forest resources and prevent them from re-growth. The official statistics from UNEP has indicated that seven million hectares of forest resources are being destroyed on a yearly basis. For the purpose of supporting the socioeconomic and environmental benefits of forest resources, sustainable land use and landscape restoration should be facilitated through imposing efficient supervision and punitive measures to over-exploitation.
Delegates are expected to respond to the above challenges with innovative proposals and critical thinking.