Topic: Sustainable Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation
Working Language: English
Delegation: Single Delegate (45 delegates in total)
Rules of Procedures: Beijing Rules of Procedure (Motion-Oriented)
Introduction to the Committee and Topic:
The General Assembly First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. The Committee works in close cooperation with the United Nations Disarmament Commission and the Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament. It is the only Main Committee of the General Assembly entitled to verbatim records coverage.
Even though the First Committee of General Assembly passed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons with 122 votes of yes, the situation of international nuclear disarmament remains severe. All the five permanent member states of the United Nations Security Council, which are considered as the five major nuclear powers, voted no simultaneously, leaving this treaty in a very awkward situation. This has clearly shown that without the consent and cooperation from the nuclear powers, any attempts to bypass them and push forward the progress of banning nuclear weapons seem to be unrealistic.
Moreover, the United States announced that it was suspending compliance with the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) in February 2019. The INF Treaty has contributed greatly ever since its establishment in preventing the outbreak of a nuclear war. But now its failure only draws humankind one more step closer to the brink of nuclear apocalypse.
If the international society does want to make one step further to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, all the parties involved will need to compromise and make a consensus on the Sustainable and Progressive approaches instead of the radical ones.